Founded in 1993
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 3-4 | Pages: 88-92
  Special Article
  NUCLEOGENESIS AND ORIGIN OF ORGANELLES
Milanko Stupar
  DOI: 10.2298/AOO0804088S
  Abstract:
  Division of the ancestral prokaryotic pragenome into two circular double-stranded DNA molecules by genetic recombination is a base for the future separate evolution of the nuclear and mitochondrial gene compartment. This suggests monophyletic origin of both mitochondrion and nucleus. Presumed organism which genome undergoes genetic recombination has to be searched among an aerobic, oxygen non-producing archaeon with no rigid cell wall, but a plasma membrane. Plastids evolve from an aerobic, oxygen producing proto-eukaryot, after mitoplastide genome duplication and subsequent functional segregation. In this proposal, origin of eukaryots occurs by a three-step mechanism. First, replication fork pauses and collapses generating a breakage in the genome of archaeal ancestor of eukaryots. Second, the double-strand break can be repaired intergenomically by complementary strands invasion. Third, this duplicated genome can be fissioned into two compartments by reciprocal genetic recombination. Scenario is accomplished by aberrant fission of the inner membrane surrounding separately those two compartments.
  Key words: Recombination, Genetic; Gene Duplication; Eukaryotic Cells; DNA, Archaeal; DNA, Mitochondrial; Plastids; Archaea
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Founder, owner and publisher: Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Serbia
Online since 1997 (Abstracts only); 2000 (Abstracts and Full text)
ISSN: 0354-7310 eISSN: 1450-9520