Founded in 1993
  Year: 2001 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 225-229
  Original Article
  PLUTONIUM IN DEPLETED URANIUM PENETRATORS
James P. Mc LAUGHLIN, Luis Le.n VINTRO, Kilian J. SMITH, Peter I. MITCHELL, Zora S. ZUNIC
  DOI:
  Abstract:
  Depleted Uranium (DU) penetrators used in the recent Balkan conflicts have been found to be contaminated with trace amounts of transuranic materials such as plutonium. This contamination is usually a consequence of DU fabrication being carried out in facilities also using uranium recycled from spent military and civilian nuclear reactor fuel. Specific activities of 239+240Plutonium generally in the range 1 to 12 Bq/kg have been found to be present in DU penetrators recovered from the attack sites of the 1999 NATO bombardment of Kosovo. A DU penetrator recovered from a May 1999 attack site at Bratoselce in southern Serbia and analysed by University College Dublin was found to contain 45.4 0.7 Bq/kg of 239+240Plutonium. This analysis is described. An account is also given of the general population radiation dose implications arising from both the DU itself and from the presence of plutonium in the penetrators. According to current dosimetric models, in all scenarios considered likely, the dose from the plutonium is estimated to be much smaller than that due to the uranium isotopes present in the penetrators.
  Key words: Uranium; Plutonium; War; Yugoslavia; Radiometry
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Founder, owner and publisher: Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Serbia
Online since 1997 (Abstracts only); 2000 (Abstracts and Full text)
ISSN: 0354-7310 eISSN: 1450-9520